Speed up the construction of the hottest platform

2022-07-23
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Platform construction will be speeded up again. What should be done about the regional linkage of artificial intelligence in 2020

in 2019, which has just ended, there has been a lot of progress in the development of artificial intelligence in China, not only in the construction of platforms, but also in the exploration of new mechanisms and new paths

the 2020 National Conference on industry and information technology held recently proposed to accelerate the transformation of manufacturing industry into digital networking and intelligence, and continue to promote the construction of a pilot area for the innovation and application of car service, industrial interconnection and artificial intelligence

in fact, since last year, the number of national new generation artificial intelligence innovation and development pilot zones (hereinafter referred to as pilot zones) approved by the Ministry of science and technology has expanded to 6, and the number of artificial intelligence innovation and application pilot zones (hereinafter referred to as pilot zones) approved by the Ministry of industry and information technology has also increased to 3

after the initial development stage, what new trends will there be in AI platforms and regional cooperation

test area and pilot area

according to the new generation of artificial intelligence development plan, the first goal of the three-step development of China's new generation of artificial intelligence is to synchronize the overall technology and application of artificial intelligence with the world's advanced level by 2020

if 2018 is more about the formulation of AI action plans in various regions, 2019 will be the year to accelerate the implementation. All regions also support AI from basic research to industrial transformation and application through platform construction

up to now, the pilot zones approved by the Ministry of science and technology are respectively in Beijing, Shanghai, Hefei, Hangzhou, Shenzhen and Tianjin; The pilot zones approved by the Ministry of industry and information technology are respectively in Shanghai, Jinan Qingdao and Shenzhen

taking the pilot area as an example, in the letters sent by the Ministry of science and technology to various regions, the future development direction of the pilot area was basically put forward according to each city's own endowment, and the positioning of the pilot area in major regional strategies was mentioned. The construction of the pilot area was put into the construction of the Yangtze River Delta integration, the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and the international science and technology innovation center in the Great Bay area of Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao. The indication error caused by it was negative

wangyingchun, director of the science and technology and Social Research Office of Shanghai Institute of science, said that different explorations in each experimental area also have common characteristics, mainly by combining the existing local conditions. For example, some cities have more intelligent manufacturing, some emphasize digital economy, and others emphasize international cooperation and artificial intelligence governance

for example, Hangzhou proposed in the letter that the construction of the pilot zone should play an important role in leading Zhejiang's digital transformation and integrating into the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta

in November, 2019, Hangzhou released the action plan for Hangzhou to build a national new generation artificial intelligence innovation and development pilot zone and the draft of several policies to build an open lightweight R & D platform. It put forward several measures from more than a dozen aspects, such as the construction of artificial intelligence basic research platform, the construction of artificial intelligence industry carrier, and the creation of artificial intelligence development ecosystem

yaoxinwei, Secretary General of Zhejiang artificial intelligence industry alliance, said in an exclusive interview with China business that Hangzhou quickly introduced a specific implementation plan after receiving the approval from the Ministry of science and technology for the construction of the pilot zone last October. Nationally, Zhejiang started early in the fields of smart city and Internet finance. In view of this feature, the future application of artificial intelligence will mainly focus on urban brain and smart finance

as the leading city in the Yangtze River Delta, Shanghai has both the first pilot area in China and the location of the pilot area. Shanghai, which has raised artificial intelligence as a priority development strategy, already has more than 1000 core artificial intelligence enterprises, and the benefits of leading geese have been brought into play. Previously, Shanghai also announced the second batch of 19 artificial intelligence application scenarios, involving medical treatment, education, people's livelihood and other fields

Shi Boming, director of artificial intelligence development division of Shanghai Municipal Commission of economy and information technology, said in an exclusive interview with China business recently that the construction of the pilot area is mainly about how to give full play to its own characteristics. For example, the integrated circuit industry in Pudong is very mature. Now there are also a number of leading artificial intelligence enterprises here. The next step is to cultivate a complete ecosystem from chips to operating systems

regional collaboration

wangyingchun said that the most prominent feature of the artificial intelligence industry in 2019 is regional linkage, especially the regional linkage represented by the Yangtze River Delta. In addition, there is more cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao

according to the outline of the regional integration development plan of the Yangtze River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta should formulate and implement the coordinated development plan of manufacturing industry, comprehensively improve the development level of manufacturing industry, and build a national advanced manufacturing cluster in accordance with the direction of cluster development

at the same time, the Yangtze River Delta also has inherent advantages in the field of artificial intelligence. First of all, the Yangtze River Delta has a strong innovation ability. The annual R & D expenditure and the number of effective invention patents account for about 1/3 of the country. Secondly, the Yangtze River Delta has three pilot areas (Shanghai, Hangzhou and Hefei) and the first pilot area (Shanghai)

at present, artificial intelligence is also the key development field of three provinces and one city in the Yangtze River Delta. In the first week of 2020, the Yangtze River Delta artificial intelligence development alliance was announced to be established, and the cooperation among three provinces and one city was accelerated

Shi Boming told first finance that the Shanghai Artificial Intelligence Development Alliance was established in april2019, and now he has initiated the establishment of the Yangtze River Delta artificial intelligence development alliance. There are several main considerations. First, resource sharing. Compared with other cities in the Yangtze River Delta, Shanghai has the first mover advantage in talent advantage and industrial foundation, which can give play to the head goose effect. In addition, whether it is the digital economy in Zhejiang, the intelligent manufacturing in Jiangsu or the scientific research capability in Anhui, through the launch of the alliance, we can achieve resource sharing and lengthening. In addition, the establishment of the alliance can also promote the research and development of cutting-edge technologies and the opening of application scenarios

yaoxinwei also believes that the industry of self-developed and self-produced ball point pen head and ball seat materials and energy of artificial intelligence has not stopped cooperating until today, and he also hopes that the three provinces and one city will have greater cross-border breakthroughs in the future. This boundary can be a regional boundary, an industrial boundary, or even an administrative boundary. The launch of the alliance makes it possible for the Yangtze River Delta region to build an industrial highland and make breakthroughs in technology research and development

according to his analysis, in the process of integrating into the Yangtze River Delta, all localities should make full use of this strategic opportunity, instead of starting from scratch, they should learn from each other

in order to build a world-class industrial cluster, the Yangtze River Delta can be based on the original advantages of three provinces and one city, such as the financial service industry in Shanghai, e-commerce in Zhejiang, intelligent manufacturing in Jiangsu, basic scientific research capability and intelligent voice in Anhui. By making use of these existing advantages and connecting resources, we can build an international artificial intelligence highland. Yaoxinwei also said that many science and technology enterprises in the Yangtze River Delta have made cross city layout in three provinces and one city. The alliance and the government should help them sort out the market, talent and technical problems that need to be solved, and break down the actual barriers to development

continue to consolidate the foundation

the AI index recently released by Stanford University also reflects the global AI trends and industry conditions to a certain extent

according to the data, the annual publication volume of artificial intelligence journals and conference papers in China exceeded that of the United States in 2006, and now it is equivalent to that of the whole Europe, but it has not reached the global average level in the cited related indexes, which is 50% lower than that of the United States. In addition, in terms of AI patents, from 1990 to 2018, more than 51% of the published AI patents belonged to North America; From 2015 to 2018, China ranked 8th in the number of AI patents issued

industry experts said that China still needs to increase investment in the AI industry for a long time

wangyingchun said that we have paid special attention to the importance of the basic level of artificial intelligence development. In this year and for a long time to come, we should continue to invest in the development of basic theories and key technologies, as well as the training of artificial intelligence talents. In addition, this year, we should also increase the application of artificial intelligence in all walks of life

in addition, the ethical issues of artificial intelligence will also receive more attention this year, showing many special properties, such as non mobility, fluorescence, piezoelectricity, ability to absorb and scatter ultraviolet rays, including ethics, public order and good customs, privacy and security involved in artificial intelligence products and services. These are issues of concern to China and even the world

last June, the national new generation artificial intelligence governance professional committee released the new generation artificial intelligence governance principles, highlighting the theme of negative and open collaboration. Wangyingchun said: we have not had much experience in this field before. We hope that in 2020, China can participate in the formulation of global rules in the ethics and safety of artificial intelligence

editor in charge: Huang Bin

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